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KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme

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KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017 – If You are among the Candidates that will be writing Chemistry in the upcoming KCSE exams this year, review the past paper 1, it will go a long way in helping You. When You download the PDF of the 2017 KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1, paper 2, and paper 3 as the case may be, start practicing It consistently, using the marking scheme when necessary, You will see good results.

What to expect: kcse Chemistry past papers, kcse Chemistry questions, kcse Chemistry notes, and more

The past Papers will prepare You for the upcoming 2020 KCSE exams, and We believe that past questions are really worth It in revising for KCSE examinations. There are no new questions, it’s just a repetition of already-set questions but in a different tricky form.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017

If You decide to buy the KCSE past revision Papers from us, the content of What You will receive for every order are as follows

  • Past Question
  • Marking Schemes
  • Predicted Questions

We will send the Past Papers PDF to your email for You to download and study. But If You download the free version on this page, certainly the marking schemes may be limited and obviously the KCSE prediction questions are not attached.

If at any point You experience difficulty in either downloading the paper 1, paper 2 or paper 3, feel free to drop a comment below and We’ll respond accordingly.

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017

KCSE CHEM Paper 1 Questions and Answers 2017

1. Table 1 shows the atomic numbers and the first ionisation energies of three elements. The letters are not actual symbols of the elements. Use it to answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017 tABLE 1

(a) Explain the trend in first ionisation energy from A to C. (2 mark)

(b) Write the electronic configuration for the ion of C. (1 mark)

2. Calculate the values of X and Y in the following nuclear equation. 239U_> X Th+2 oc+2/3 92 Y (2 mark)

3. The diagram in Figure 1 shows a section of a dry cell. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 1

(a) Name the part labelled B. (1 mark)

(b) The part labelled A is a paste. Give a reason why it is not used in dry form. (1 mark)

(c) What is the purpose of the zinc container? (1 mark)

4. The empirical formula of lead(II) oxide was determined by passing excess dry hydrogen gas over 6.69g of heated lead(II) oxide.

(a) What was the purpose of using excess dry hydrogen gas? (2 marks)

(b) The mass of lead was found to he 6.21g.

Determine the empirical formula of the oxide. (Pb = 207.0 0 = 16.0) (2 marks)

5. The set-up in Figure 2 was used to prepare a sample of ethane gas. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017

6. (a) State Charles’ Law. (1 mark)

(b) Explain why the pressure of a fixed mass of a gas increases, when the volume of the gas is reduced at constant temperature. (2 marks)

7. A sample of water is suspected to contain sulphate ions. Describe an experiment that can be carried out to determine the presence of sulphate ions. (3 marks)

8. (a) State one characteristic of a reaction where equilibrium has been attained. (1 mark)

(b) The following equation is in a state of equilibrium: C D Use it to sketch a graphical representation of concentration against time in seconds for the equilibrium. (2 marks)

9. Copper(II) ions react with excess aqueous ammonia to form a complex ion.

(a) (i) Write an equation for the reaction that forms the complex ion. ( I mark)

(ii) Name the complex ion. ( I mark)

(b) Explain why CH4 is not acidic while HCl is acidic yet both compounds contain hydrogen. (1 mark)

10. 20 cm3 of ethanoic acid was diluted to 400 cm3 of solution. Calculate the concentration of the solution in moles per litre. (C = 12.0 ; H = 1.0 ; 0 =16.0) (Density of ethanoic acid = 1.05 g/cm3) (3 marks)

11. An oxide of element K has the formula 1(205. (a) Determine the oxidation number of K. (1 mark)

(b) To which group of the periodic table does K belong? (1 mark)

12. Potassium nitrate liberates oxygen gas when heated. Draw a diagram of a set-up that shows heating of potassium nitrate and collection of oxygen gas. (3 marks)

13. Explain the observation made when chlorine gas is passed through a solution of potassium iodide. (3 marks)

14. Using the elements chlorine, calcium and phosphorus:

(a) Select elements that will form an oxide whose aqueous solution has a pH less than 7. ( I mark)

(b) Write an equation for the reaction between calcium oxide and dilute hydrochloric acid. (1 mark)

(c) Give one use of calcium oxide. ( I mark)

15. Starting with copper, describe how a pure sample of copper(II) carbonate can be prepared. (3 marks)

16. In an experiment, concentrated nitric(V) acid was reacted with iron(II) sulphate. State and explain the observations made. (2 marks)

17. The flow chart in Figure 3 shows the process of obtaining a sample of nitrogen gas. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 2

(a) Identify X (I mark)

(b) Write an equation for the reaction with heated copper turnings. (1 mark)

(c) Name an impurity in the sample of nitrogen gas. ( I mark)

18. The set-up in Figure 4 can be used to prepare nitrogen(II) oxide. Use it to answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 3

(b) When the gas jar containing nitrogen(II) oxide is exposed to air, a brown colour is observed. Explain. (1 mark)

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(c) Write an equation for the reaction which occurred in the flask. (1 mark)

19. The following procedure was used to investigate the temperature changes that occur when sodium hydroxide solution is added to dilute hydrochloric acid.

(i) Place the acid in a glass beaker and record its temperature.

(ii) Add a known volume of sodium hydroxide solution.

(iii) Stir the mixture and record the highest temperature reached.

(iv) Repeat steps

(ii) and

(iii) with different volumes of sodium hydroxide solution.

(a) State two factors that must be kept constant in this experiment (1 mark)

(b) Explain how the use of a polystyrene cup will affect the results. (1 mark)

20. Study the flow chart in Figure 5 and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 4

(a) Identify substances K and L. K: (1 mark) L: (1 mark)

(b) Name one reagent that can be used to carry out process J. (1 mark)

21. The atomic numbers of some elements P, Q, R and S are 6, 8, 12 and 17 respectively.

(a) Draw the dot (•) and cross (X) diagrams for the compounds formed when:

(i) R and Q react (1 mark)

(ii) P and S react. (1 mark)

(b) Explain why the melting point of the compound formed by P and S is lower than that formed by R and Q. (1 mark)

22. (a) What is an inert electrode? (1 mark)

(b) State the products formed when brine is electrolysed using inert electrodes. Anode: (1 mark)

Cathode: (1 mark)

23. Explain how a student can establish whether a liquid sample extracted from a plant is pure. (2 marks)

Anode (1 mark)

Cathode (1 mark)

23. Explain how a student can establish whether a liquid sample extracted from a plant is pure. (2 marks)

24. Figure 6 shows part of the periodic table. The letters are not the actual symbols of the elements. Stud it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 5

(a) Write an equation for the reaction between M and K. (1 mark)

(b) Select the element which can form an ion with a charge of +3. (1 mark)

(c) An element J has atomic number 15. Indicate with a tick (✓), on the part of the periodic table the position of J. (1 mark)

25. In terms of structure and bonding, explain why graphite is used as a lubricant in machines. (3 marks)

26. (a) What is meant by the term bleaching? (1 mark)

(b) Write the formula of the bleaching nent formed when chlorine gas reacts with aqueous sodium hydroxide. y ( 1 mark)

(c) State the role of chlorine in water treatment. (1 mark)

27. (a) Name two ores in which sodium occurs. ( 1 mark)

(b) During extraction of sodium using the down’s process, calcium chloride is added to the ore. Give a reason for the addition of calcium chloride. (1 mark)

(c) State two uses of sodium. ( I mark)

28. When an aqueous solution of compound X was mixed with a few drops of bromine water, the colour of the mixture remained yellow.

When another portion of solution X was reacted with acidified potassium dichromate(VI), the colour of the mixture changed from orange to green.

(a) What conclusion can be made from the use of:

(i) bromine water? (1 mark)

(ii) acidified potassium dichromate(VI)? (1 mark)

(b) Solution X was reacted with a piece of a metal and a colourless gas was produced. Describe a simple experiment to identify the gas. (1 mark)


KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017 marking Scheme

Chemistry paper 1 Questions and Answers

1. Table 1 shows the atomic numbers and the first ionisation energies of three elements. The letters are not actual symbols of the elements. Use it to answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017 marking Scheme table 1

(a) Explain the trend in first ionisation energy from A to C. (2 mark)

– Ionisation energy decreases down the group 1 elements.

– This is because atomic radii increases from A to C (down the group) /outermost electron is far from nucleus hence requires less energy to be lost during reaction.

(b) Write the electronic configuration for the ion of C. (1 mark)

– Electron configuration of ion of C- 2.8.8

2. Calculate the values of X and Y in the following nuclear equation. 239U_> X Th+2 oc+2/3 92 Y (2 mark)

– x = 231

– y = 90

3. The diagram in Figure 1 shows a section of a dry cell. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017 marking Scheme dry cell

(a) Name the part labelled B. (1 mark)

– Carbon electrode (Anode) / Graphite electrode

(b) The part labelled A is a paste. Give a reason why it is not used in dry form. (1 mark)

– To allow movement of ions / to have it as an electrolyte. When dry, the ions are immobile.

(c) What is the purpose of the zinc container? (1 mark)

– It is the cathode / negative electrode

4. The empirical formula of lead(II) oxide was determined by passing excess dry hydrogen gas over 6.69g of heated lead(II) oxide.

(a) What was the purpose of using excess dry hydrogen gas? (2 marks)

– To ensure all the oxide was reduced.

(b) The mass of lead was found to he 6.21g. Determine the empirical formula of the oxide. (Pb = 207.0 0 = 16.0) (2 marks)

– Mass of oxygen 6.69 — 6.21

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 6

5. The set-up in Figure 2 was used to prepare a sample of ethane gas. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017 marking Scheme

(a) Name B – sodium propanoate/: C2H5COONa / CH3CH2COONa ( 1 mark)

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(b) Write an equation for the complete combustion of ethane. (1 mark)

2C2H6(g) + 702(g) -> 4CO<sub2< sub=””>(g)+6H20(l) .</sub2<>

(c) State one use of ethane. (1 mark)

– as Fuel

– Production of ethene

– Production of hydrogen gas

6. (a) State Charles’ Law. (1 mark)

– The volume of a fixed mass of a gas is directly proportional to the absolute temperature at constant pressure.

(b) Explain why the pressure of a fixed mass of a gas increases, when the volume of the gas is reduced at constant temperature. (2 marks)

– As the volume decreases, there is increased bombardment / collisions of the molecules against the walls of the container, hence increased pressure.

7. A sample of water is suspected to contain sulphate ions. Describe an experiment that can be carried out to determine the presence of sulphate ions. (3 marks)

• Add aqueous barium nitrate / barium chloride to sample; Followed by dilute nitric(V) acid or HCI;

• If white precipitate persists, then S042- ionsare present;

• If the precipitate dissolves then S042- ionsare absent.

OR

• Add lead(II) nitrate solution

8. (a) State one characteristic of a reaction where equilibrium has been attained. (1 mark)

– The concentrations of reactants and products remain constant or Rate of forward reactions is equal to the rate of backward reaction.

(b) The following equation is in a state of equilibrium: C D Use it to sketch a graphical representation of concentration against time in seconds for the equilibrium. (2 marks)

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 7
KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 8

9. Copper(II) ions react with excess aqueous ammonia to form a complex ion.

(a) (i) Write an equation for the reaction that forms the complex ion. ( I mark)

Cu(OH)2(s)+ 4NH3 (aq) -+ [Cu(NH 3)4]2++ (aq)+2OH– (aq) OR Cu2+ (act), 4NH3 (aq) [Cu(NH3)4]2+(aq)

(ii) Name the complex ion. ( I mark)

– Tetraamine copper(II)ion

(b) Explain why CH4 is not acidic while HCl is acidic yet both compounds contain hydrogen. (1 mark)

– CH4 is a hydrocarbon, non-polar hence does not ionize in water. HCI is polar hence ionizes in water.

10. 20 cm3 of ethanoic acid was diluted to 400 cm3of solution. Calculate the concentration of the solution in moles per litre. (C = 12.0 ; H = 1.0 ; 0 =16.0) (Density of ethanoic acid = 1.05 g/cm3) (3 marks)

Molar mass of ethanoic acid (CH3COOH) = 60g

Mass of ethanoic acid = 20 x 1.05g/cm3 =21g 21 60

Moles of ethanoic = 0.35 moles

Molarity = 0.35 400/1000 = 0.875M

11. An oxide of element K has the formula 1(205. (a) Determine the oxidation number of K. (1 mark)

= 2k+(5x-2)=0

2k=+10

k=+5

(b) To which group of the periodic table does K belong? (1 mark)

– Group 5

12. Potassium nitrate liberates oxygen gas when heated. Draw a diagram of a set-up that shows heating of potassium nitrate and collection of oxygen gas. (3 marks)

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 9

13. Explain the observation made when chlorine gas is passed through a solution of potassium iodide. (3 marks)

– A dark grey / brown solid is deposited / the solution turns black; chlorine is more reactive / a stronger oxidizing agent than iodine; Therefore displaces it from a solution of its ions OR

C12 (g) + 21 (aq) 2 Cr(aq) + 12 (S)

14. Using the elements chlorine, calcium and phosphorus:

(a) Select elements that will form an oxide whose aqueous solution has a pH less than 7. ( I mark)

– Phosphorus and chlorine

(b) Write an equation for the reaction between calcium oxide and dilute hydrochloric acid. (1 mark)

– CaO(,) + 2HCI(,q) –> CaCl2(aq) + H2O)

(c) Give one use of calcium oxide. ( I mark)

– used to neutralize acidic soil / liming;

– drying vent;

15. Starting with copper, describe how a pure sample of copper(II) carbonate can be prepared. (3 marks)

– To copper turnings, add 50% concentration H2SO4 or HNO3 / Heat copper turnings to form copper(II) oxide and add dilute H2SO4 or HNO3 or HC1; To the resulting mixture, add excess sodium carbonate (soluble) Filter mixture; Rinse residue with water and dry between filter papers.

16. In an experiment, concentrated nitric(V) acid was reacted with iron(II) sulphate. State and explain the observations made. (2 marks)

– The mixture changed from green to yellow / formation of a brown gas; Iron(II) ions is oxidized by nitric(V) acid to Iron(III) ions / nitric(V) acid is reduced to nitrogen(II) oxide which is oxidized by oxygen to nitrogen(IV) ) oxide.

17. The flow chart in Figure 3 shows the process of obtaining a sample of nitrogen gas. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 2

(a) Identify X (I mark)

– Sodium hydroxide solution or Potassium hydroxide solution;

(b) Write an equation for the reaction with heated copper turnings. (1 mark)

– 12 Cu(s) + 02(g ) -> 2 CuO (s)

(c) Name an impurity in the sample of nitrogen gas. ( I mark)

– Argon,

– Neon,

– Inert gases

18. The set-up in Figure 4 can be used to prepare nitrogen(II) oxide. Use it to answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 3

(b) When the gas jar containing nitrogen(II) oxide is exposed to air, a brown colour is observed. Explain. (1 mark)

– Moderately concentration nitric(V) acid / 50% concentrated nitric(V) acid.

(c) Write an equation for the reaction which occurred in the flask. (1 mark)

3Cu (s) + 8HNO3 (aq) 3Cu (NO3)2 (aq)+ 4H2O +2NO

19. The following procedure was used to investigate the temperature changes that occur when sodium hydroxide solution is added to dilute hydrochloric acid.

(i) Place the acid in a glass beaker and record its temperature.

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(ii) Add a known volume of sodium hydroxide solution.

(iii) Stir the mixture and record the highest temperature reached.

(iv) Repeat steps

(ii) and

(iii) with different volumes of sodium hydroxide solution.

(a) State two factors that must be kept constant in this experiment (1 mark)

– concentration of acid and base

– Volume of acid used.

(b) Explain how the use of a polystyrene cup will affect the results. (1 mark)

– Improves accuracy;

– Polystyrene is a plastic and will not absorb heat /minimum heat loss

20. Study the flow chart in Figure 5 and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 4

(a) Identify substances K and L. K: (1 mark)

K:- Ethanoic acid / (CH3COOH)

L:- Ethene (1 mark)

(b) Name one reagent that can be used to carry out process J. (1 mark)

– Acidified potassium dichromate(VI) OR acidified potassium manganate(VII)

21. The atomic numbers of some elements P, Q, R and S are 6, 8, 12 and 17 respectively.

(a) Draw the dot (•) and cross (X) diagrams for the compounds formed when:

(i) R and Q react (1 mark)

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 13

(ii) P and S react. (1 mark)

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 14

(b) Explain why the melting point of the compound formed by P and S is lower than that formed by R and Q. (1 mark)

– Rand Q form an ionic compound with strong ionic bonds while R and S form a covalent compound seith weak Van der Waals forces.

22. (a) What is an inert electrode? (1 mark)

– is one which does not participate in the reaction / does not affect the products of electrolysis / does not react; Anode – chlorine; Cathode – Hydrogen

(b) State the products formed when brine is electrolysed using inert electrodes. Anode: (1 mark) – Chlorine

Cathode: (1 mark) – Hydrogen

23. Explain how a student can establish whether a liquid sample extracted from a plant is pure. (2 marks)

– Measure the boiling point / freezing point; -If the boiling point /freezing point is sharp, then liquid is pure.

24. Figure 6 shows part of the periodic table. The letters are not the actual symbols of the elements. Stud it and answer the questions that follow.

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 5

(a) Write an equation for the reaction between M and K. (1 mark)

4M(s) +K,(g) —> 2M2K(S) OR 4K(s) + 02(g) 2K20(s)

(b) Select the element which can form an ion with a charge of +3. (1 mark)

– J should be placed in period 3, group 5 of the periodic table

(c) An element J has atomic number 15. Indicate with a tick (✓), on the part of the periodic table the position of J. (1 mark)

25. In terms of structure and bonding, explain why graphite is used as a lubricant in machines. (3 marks)

– Graphite consists of layers of carbon atoms;

– The layers are held together by the weak Van der Waals forces of attraction;

– These layers therefore slide over each other thus preventing machine to machine contact.

26. (a) What is meant by the term bleaching? (1 mark)

– Removal of original colour from a substance and the remaining substance is white / colourless

(b) Write the formula of the bleaching agent formed when chlorine gas reacts with aqueous sodium hydroxide. ( 1 mark)

– NaCIO / NaOCI

(c) State the role of chlorine in water treatment. (1 mark)

– Kill germs / bacteria / microorganisms

27. (a) Name two ores in which sodium occurs. ( 1 mark)

• rock salt /NaCI / trona ;

• salt petre/ NaNO3.

(b) During extraction of sodium using the down’s process, calcium chloride is added to the ore. Give a reason for the addition of calcium chloride. (1 mark)

To lower the melting point from 800°C to about 600°C;

(c) State two uses of sodium. ( I mark)

• street lighting;

• coolant in nuclear reactors;

• extraction of titanium;

• extraction of gold;

• manufacture of sodium cyanide;

• manufacture of sodium peroxide.

28. When an aqueous solution of compound X was mixed with a few drops of bromine water, the colour of the mixture remained yellow. When another portion of solution X was reacted with acidified potassium dichromate(VI), the colour of the mixture changed from orange to green.

(a) What conclusion can be made from the use of:

(i) bromine water? (1 mark)

KCSE Chemistry Past Paper 1 2017: Free Marking Scheme 16

Alkene, alkyne/ unsaturated hydrocarbon absent

(ii) acidified potassium dichromate(VI)? (1 mark)

— OH / R — OH present

(b) Solution X was reacted with a piece of a metal and a colourless gas was produced. Describe a simple experiment to identify the gas. (1 mark)

Lower a burning splint to the gas, a ‘pop’ sound should be produced showing it is hydrogen.

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KCSE Chemistry Paper 2

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KCSE Chemistry Paper 3

->> The Chemistry Paper 3 was not given

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